You can use almost any vehicle for your EV Conversion, but there are a couple of factors to consider when you are making your choice for a vehicle to use in a electric vehicle conversion.
The first consideration is whether the vehicle you wish to use has the capacity to carry the batteries which you need to drive your electric vehicle. There are two factors to consider here.
Firstly will the vehicle’s suspension be able to carry the weight of the batteries which you need to drive your vehicle. This situation can be worked around with the use of a different type of battery, however this is going to depend largely on your budget, as batteries with a higher energy density will almost certainly cost more. There are ways around that problem too though! The second issue is the problem of whether the batteries will fit into the space which you have available. In order to get the range and acceleration which you require from your electric vehicle, you will generally need about 20 12 volt lead acid batteries, there must be adequate space within the vehicle to store these batteries safely.
For the above reasons, light trucks are often the best choice for an electric vehicle conversion although strong light sedans can also be very successfully converted.
Secondly, you need to consider whether the vehicles braking system will be able to handle the additional weight added by the weight of the batteries. This is an important consideration as your safety and that of your family could be at stake if the brakes fail at a crucial time. The first thing to do to is to calculate the net weight difference once you have placed your battery set in your vehicle. To do this you need to know how many batteries you are using and what each one weighs, the supplier will be able to give you an average weight. When you know what the batteries and the motor weigh in total you can subtract the weight of all the old gas components from this weight to get a net weight, remember to add weight for a full tank of gas and with the radiator full. When you subtract the gas vehicle component’s weight from the motor and battery’s weight you have the net weight increase and can then determine what effect the additional weight will have on the braking system. If the additional weight is substantial, possibly over 500 pounds, then it may be advisable to consult a brake specialist in order to ensure that your brakes function properly when you need them to!
Two important considerations when putting together your electric vehicle conversion, the suspension capacity and the braking system. These two systems determine the comfort of your EV ride and the safety with which you can take that ride.